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Galatians 3:23-29 Study Guide

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Galatians 3:23-29

23 Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. 24 So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, 26 for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise.

Main idea: Christ frees us from the old covenant law, and by faith, we are adopted as sons and daughters of God.

Overview: In this passage, Paul compares life under the old covenant law and the new covenant in Christ. Once Christ came, those who had faith in Him were freed from bondage to the old law and instead received an inheritance as God’s children.

Observation and Interpretation:

  • Compare how Paul describes life under the law and life after Christ came. What kind of adjectives does he use to describe each, and why?
  • The law can often be viewed negatively or even as drudgery. What is the purpose of the law, according to Paul in Galatians 3:24-25?
  • What does it mean to be baptized into Christ? What is the significance of this?

Application: 

  • Paul says all those who are in Christ are sons and daughters of God through faith. How does this identity impact you personally? The way you view yourself? Your actions? (See Romans 8:14-17.)
  • Paul illustrates how the law only temporarily serves to enlighten us of our sin and keep us from it, but also serves as a foreshadowing of the coming of Christ. How would you communicate what Paul is saying to someone who still believes that if they “follow the rules," they will be right with God?
  • In Galatians 3:28, Paul is teaching about unity within diversity. How should we view other believers based on this verse? How does “putting on Christ” remove barriers? Can you think of anyone that you do not love who may be very different from you? Repent and ask God to help you see them as he sees them.

Prayer Point: Spend some time thanking God for sending his son so that we could have freedom in Him.