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Galatians 4:1-7 Study Guide

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Galatians 4:1-7

1 I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave,though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and managers until the date set by his father. 3 In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world. 4 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!” 7 So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God.

Main Idea: Believers are children of God and an heirs with Christ.


Overview: Everyone is born into this world as slaves to sin. God redeems us and makes us his children through the work of Jesus. Because of this, we can have a loving relationship with God and will receive an inheritance from Him.

Observation and Interpretation:


  • Galatians 4:3 says we "were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world." What are the elementary principles of our world and our culture?

  • Look at Paul's timeline in Galatians 4:3-5. What was our identity at birth? What did God do? What is our new identity?
  • Look at Galatians 4:6-7. What is the tone or nature of this new relationship between father and child?

Application: 


  • What elementary principles of this world would tempt you to fall back into slavery?

  • Consider what "Abba" means and what relationship God has called you into with him. How has your relationship with your earthly father affected how you view your relationship with God as your heavenly father? How does the Spirit inform how we see God? 

  • How do your daily actions change when you remember your new identity as God's child rather than your former identity as a slave?

Prayer Point: Ask for God's help to keep you from the temptation to once again live as a slave. Thank God for your new identity as his loved child. Talk to God as a child would talk to a perfect loving father.