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Study Guide: Revelation 5:1-14 - Who Is Worthy?


Revelation 5:1-14

Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals. And I saw a mighty angel proclaiming with a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and break its seals?” And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look into it, and I began to weep loudly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it. And one of the elders said to me, “Weep no more; behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has conquered, so that he can open the scroll and its seven seals.”

And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth. And he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne. And when he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. And they sang a new song, saying,

“Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation,
and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth.”

Then I looked, and I heard around the throne and the living creatures and the elders the voice of many angels, numbering myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!”

And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, saying, “To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!” And the four living creatures said, “Amen!” and the elders fell down and worshiped.


Main idea: Jesus is sovereign over all things past, present, and future.

Summary: In the throne room, John sees God holding the scroll in his right hand. Jesus is the only one worthy to open the scroll. He has overcome the world and paid the ransom for His people and all the earth bow down before Him in praise.


  • John refers to Jesus as both the Lion and the Lamb; how do both of these titles characterize Jesus? How else is Jesus described?
  • The transfer of the scroll to the Lamb led to immense worship and praise, why is this act significant?
  • The seven seals on the scroll emphasize its importance and the authority that is needed to open them. How does Revelation 5:9 justify why Jesus is worthy to open the scroll?


  • This passage assures believers that God and Jesus are sovereign over all of history, how does this reality bring you comfort, especially following the events of this past year?
  • Throughout this chapter, the size of the choir gradually increases until every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea and all that is in them” worshipped the Lord - imagine witnessing a scene like this and what does it invoke in you? How does their response influence the way you view God?
  • John’s emotional state is reoriented by the truth of Jesus’ work. How does this passage reorient your own worries, fears, or resentments? How does this passage encourage you to entrust these things into His hands?

Prayer: Jesus is the only one worthy enough to open up the scrolls. Give Him praise for His goodness, faithfulness, and His ultimate control.